Servant Leadership


Let’s talk, here are some questions you can ask yourself to dig a little deeper into how you are as a Servant Leader.

What does it mean to you to be a servant leader?

What characteristics do you see in servant leaders you have worked for?

What are the pros and cons in your opinion on being a servant leader?

What do you predict would happen if you become a servant leader?

How could you take what you heard in this video and apply it to your leadership?

-William A. Horton

A Doctorate student at Liberty University

What is LMX?

Leader-Member Exchange

            Leadership contingency theory is credited to Fiedler in 1967 who stated that the leader’s relationship with their followers, task structure, and position of power regulated how effective a leader was (Antonikis & Day, 2018). Soon after the contingency movement started, another line of research looked strictly at the relationship between the leader and the follower (Antonikis & Day, 2018). These studies were initially called the dyad linkage theory but eventually evolved into what is commonly known today as the Leader-Member Exchange (Antonikis & Day, 2018). Leader-Member Exchange describes the relationship between the leader and their followers (Antonikis & Day, 2018). In LMX a leader creates close relationships with only a few followers, and they have high-quality interactions (Sharifirad & Hajhoseiny, 2018). A high-quality leader-follower relationship is based on trust and respect (Antonikis & Day, 2018). These high-quality relationships go well beyond just what is required by the job, and these relationships are mutually beneficial (Hughes, Ginnett, & Curphy, Contingency Theories of Leadership, 2019).

Most people can understand the LMX better by thinking of your past coaches or teachers who had a hands-on approach (Hughes, Ginnett, & Curphy, Contingency Theories of Leadership, 2019). These coaches or teachers had their in-group and out-group (Hughes, Ginnett, & Curphy, Contingency Theories of Leadership, 2019). Coaches had the player they spent extra time mentoring and teachers had students that seemed to be always picked in class before other students. Classic LMX is the haves and the have nots. Some employees have a quality relationship with their leader and others do not. Recently the LMX model has changed, and it is suggested that leaders should develop special relationships with all followers (Hughes, Ginnett, & Curphy, Contingency Theories of Leadership, 2019). The outcome of a leader making high-quality relationships with all followers results in the entire team becoming the in-group (Hughes, Ginnett, & Curphy, Contingency Theories of Leadership, 2019).

Biblical Context for LMX

Leader-Member Exchange theory deals with building special high-quality relationships between the leader and follower (Hughes, Ginnett, & Curphy, Contingency Theories of Leadership, 2019). Jesus demonstrated the LMX theory in His leadership style. Jesus had the crowds that followed Him everywhere. Luke 14:25 tells us “Now large crowds were going along with Jesus.” Matthew 4 also reaffirms that by saying, “Large crowds followed Him (Jesus) from Galilee and the Decapolis and Jerusalem and Judea and from beyond the Jordan.” However, Jesus had His smaller in-group with the twelve disciples. “He (Jesus) called his disciples to him and chose twelve of them, whom he also designated apostles: Simon (whom he named Peter), his brother Andrew, James, John, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James son of Alphaeus, Simon who was called the Zealot, Judas son of James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor” (Luke 6:13-16 NIV). Then Jesus had His inner-inner circle of three, “About eight days later Jesus took Peter, John, and James up on a mountain to pray” (Luke 9:28 NIV).

Jesus communicated to each group differently. To the crowds, He preached, healed and performed miracles. To the twelve disciples, Jesus lived with them and taught them on a deeper level. When Jesus took the smallest group of three onto the mountain, He appeared to them with a face that was transformed and clothes that became dazzling white (Luke 9:29). The inner-inner circle saw Jesus the Son of God. The new model of LMX teaches that a leader should develop a high-quality relationship with everyone on the team (Hughes, Ginnett, & Curphy, Contingency Theories of Leadership, 2019). LMX can be Biblical or non-Biblical depending on the way one look at it. If you look at the twelve disciples as Jesus’ in-group, then it is Biblical. Jesus developed a close relationship with each one of them. However, Jesus still had a smaller inner-group with the three. Also, if one considers the large crowds that followed Jesus, He did not have a high-quality relationship with them. Biblically speaking LMX is best defined as a small-group of high-quality relationships. The new model of LMX that everyone should be in the in-group does not apply Biblically. LMX is a theory that every Christian leader could benefit from because it is about building relationships.

-William A. Horton

Doctorate Student at Liberty Univerisity

Falling Away

According to 2 Peter 1 we can avoid falling away from the Lord. Join us as Pastor William A. Horton preaches out of 2 Peter 1:3-13.

1. Spiritual Growth is Directly Related to Biblical Obedience

2. Growing and Knowing are inseparable

3. Obedience leads to Understanding

4. You can’t clearly see your future if you are not growing in the present

5. If these qualities are being added to your faith, you can be assured you will never fall away

Kickstart Question

Take it a bit further and answer these questions:

  1. What kickstart question works for you?
  2. What are the possibilities of a kick start question?
  3. What was the lesson in this video?
  4. How do you explain this concept (kickstart question) to yourself?
  5. How could you take what you heard in this video and apply it to your leadership?

-William A. Horton

When by Daniel H. Pink

Daniel H. Pink’s book When: The Scientific Secrets of Perfect Timing covers the topic of you guessed it TIME. We have all heard of “HOW TO BOOKS.”  In fact, walk into any book store across America, and you will find whole sections of “HOW TO” books. Daniel H. Pink says that he has written a “WHEN TO” book.

         Daniel H. Pink argues that we should make “WHEN” we do something as important as “WHAT” we do. This book answers the question of when is the best time to work on projects that involve critical thinking, when we should work out, when we should start a job, when we should quite a job, when we should get married and more. Daniel H. Pink takes studies from peer-reviewed social scientists and discovers that there are idea times WHEN we should do almost everything in our lives.

         This book helped me to rethink the importance of time altogether. After finishing this book, I have adjusted how I spend critical peak times in my day. When: The Scientific Secrets of Perfect Timing showed me how to determine my peak times of performance and structure my schedule around that. Now I can synchronize my work that requires the most analytical thinking around the times my mind is the most active.

         Before reading this book, I thought very little about the importance of time. We have all heard that saying, timing is everything, but I rarely spent any time thinking about when I did things. I generally tried to stack as much into the day as I possibly could. Now I realize that if I know the best times when to do things I can get far more done in a much more effective way.  

         This book covers much more than just how to schedule your day. As I mentioned above, it goes over a wide variety of topics and when you should do them. One of the fascinating topics Daniel H. Pink covers is beginnings, endings and in between. The patterns found in when we start a project, when we are in the middle of a project and when are at the end of a project will give you fresh insight on how to manage your projects. If you are a leader of a project, this chapter will help you understand the psychology behind the people in your group and how you can get more out of them.

         I would recommend this book if you have ever thought, when is the best time to make a decision, or when is the best time to work on a specific project, or if you are just interested in social science and how people inner clock work.  In this book, Daniel gives you several time-hacks to help you best spend your time and optimize your WHEN. This book you will help you discover how to best live, work and succeed.

-William A. Horton

Atomic Habits by James Clear

           Atomic Habits

            On my quest to read 52 books this year I have already finished twelve. Today I finished Atomic Habits by James Clear. Atomic Habits is the first book I have finished that I will read again towards my 52-book goal this year. It is hard for me to rank books right after I read them because unless it is a total dud, I think every book I read is excellent. It is only after a few weeks have passed that I reflect on the actual quality of the book. Rating books are very subjective because I am reading for a specific goal and agenda so my ratings may be different from yours because of that. Atomic Habits was so full of rich information that I will reread it. This is the only book so far that I have decided to reread. That tells me out of any of the books I have finished this year; this may be the best so far. Heck, I may start rereading it as soon as I post this.

Wisdom teaches that to be the best in life and to achieve everything you want you must set a specific goal and achieve it. Goals are useful for setting direction, but goals only change your life for the moment. Once you have reached that goal, you stop. Goals are at odds with long-term progress. They create a yo-yo effect. A person may train to run a 5k for months, but as soon as they cross the finish line, they stop training. What is more important than the goal is the system you build to achieve that goal. Focus on the system and not the goal for long-term success (Clear, 2018).

The key is setting small habit and being consistent. There is a Greek parable that asks the question, can one coin make you rich? If you give someone ten gold coins, you would not claim they are rich. However, what if you add another? And another? At some point, you must admit that no one can be rich unless one coin can make him or her rich.

The same is true with habit says James Clear. Can one tiny change transform your life? It is likely you would say no. But what if you made another? And another? At some point, you must admit that one small change can transform your life (Clear, 2018). In this book, James goes over the science behind habits. Tiny changes can add up to remarkable results.

If this sounds interesting to you than I would suggest Atomic Habits by James Clear. Atomic Habits book goes in depth on how to form good habits and how to eliminate bad habits.